Sensory Integration is a specialty area of occupational therapy and is based around the way our brains organize sensory information and responds to sensory stimulation.
Children with autism and developmental disorders often have either over or under reactive sensory system. These issues may manifest in behaviors including rocking, spinning, and hand-flapping. It is believed sensory processing disorders stems from neurological dysfunction within the CNS. Dr Jean Ayres developed the theory of sensory integration as well as its treatment. With occupational therapy services children with sensory processing disorders or sensory integrative dysfunction can live life to its fullest and learn strategies to regulate their arousal levels.
“Early exposure to a proper degree of sensory stimulation is theorized to build a neurbiological foundation for later-emerging functions such as, motor skills, language, behavioral regulation, and executive functioning” -Thompson, B.L., &Levitt, P. (2010). The clinical-basic interface in defining pathogenesis in disorders of neurodevelopment origin. Euro, 67, 702-712.